Entertainment Legend, Lena Horne, Was Born June 30, 1917 In Brooklyn, New York.
Lena Horne Began Her Career At 16, As A Chorus Girl At The "Whites-Only" Cotton Club In Harlem.
She Then Toured With Noble Sissle's Orchestra And Later Became The First Black American To Front A White Band When She Sang With Charlie Barnet's Orchestra. Her Tunes Included "Stormy Weather," "Blues In The Night," "The Lady Is A Tramp" And "Mad About The Boy."
During The 1940's Lena Horne Went From Dancer And Nightclub Singer To Hollywood Movie Star. She Was The Second Black Female After Madame Sul-Te-Wan, To Sign With A Major Film Studio. Her Films Include Panama Hattie (1942), Cabin In The Sky (1943), Meet Me In Las Vegas (1956), Death Of A Gunfighter (1969) And The Wiz (1979).
She Was The Black Pin-Up Girl For Soldiers During World War II And When Entertaining The Troops For The USO, Refused To Perform "for segregated audiences or to groups in which German P.O.W.s were seated in front of African American servicemen."
Horne Won A Tony Award In 1981 For Her Broadway Show, Lena Horne, The Lady And Her Music -- The Longest Running One-Woman Show On Broadway. She Was Also The Recipient Of The Kennedy Center's Lifetime Contribution To The Arts Award.
Lena Horne Died May 9, 2010, At The Age Of 92.
"In order For Black History To Live, We Must Continue To Breathe Life Into it." -- Hubert Gaddy, Jr.
Lena Horne At Her Best
The Widow Of Malcolm X, Dr. Betty Shabazz, Died On June 23, 1997, At The Age Of 61, When She Was Trapped In A Fire In An Apartment She Occupied With Her 12 Year Old Grandson, Malcolm Shabazz, In Yonkers, New York. 3rd Degree Burns Covered 95% Of Her Body.
Shabazz Was Born Betty Jean Sanders On May 28, 1936 In Detroit, Michigan. She Was An Adopted Child Who Grew Up In A Fairly Sheltered, Middle-Class Household. She Attended Tuskegee Institute In Alabama.
She Left Tuskegee And Moved To New York City To Escape Southern Racism, And Enrolled As A Nursing Student At The Brooklyn State Hospital School of Nursing. It Was In New York That She Would First Encounter Future Husband, Malcolm X.
In 1958, After She Had Completed Nursing School, Malcolm, Who Was Traveling The Country At The Time, Called Her From Detroit And Proposed Marriage. Before The Week Was Out, Betty, 22 And Malcolm, 33, Were Married.
Betty Shabazz Was Catapulted Into The American Consciousness And The Media Spotlight Following Her Husband's Assassination In 1965.
During The Years Following Malcolm's Murder, Shabazz Managed To Rear Their Six Daughters And Advance Her Own Education. Between 1970 And 1975, She Completed A Master's Degree In Public Health Administration And Received A Doctorate In Education From The University Of Massachusetts At Amherst.
In 1976, She Joined The Faculty Of Medgar Evers College In Brooklyn As Associate Professor Of Health Administration. Shortly Thereafter, She Became Director Of The School's Department Of Communications And Public Relations.
"In Order For Black History To Live, We Must Continue To Breathe Life Into It." -- Hubert Gaddy,
A Pictorial Essay On Flavio De Silva, An Impoverished And Sickly Boy Living In The Favela, Or Slums, Of Rio De Janeiro, Appeared In The June 16, 1961 Issue Of Time Magazine.
When The Heart-Wrenching Images Were Seen, And Flavio's Story Read, Nearly $30,000 Was Donated To Help The Boy And His Family Get A New Home. Part Of The Money Was Also Used Fly The Child To America To Receive Medical Treatment For Severe Asthma.
The Author Of The Photo Piece Was Award-Winning Photo Journalist, Film Director, Composer, Poet And Social Activist, Gordon Alexander Buchannan Parks, Sr. --- Born November 30, 1912.
During The 1970's Parks Signed With Paramount Pictures As The First Black American To Work For A Major Motion Picture Studio. He Directed The Films, Shaft And Shaft's Big Sore, Two Motion Pictures Which Demonstrated The Box Office Power Of Movies Targeted At Black Audiences. Shaft Grossed $12 Million In Its First Year.
His First Film, The Learning Tree, Was Registered By The National Film Registry Of The Library Of Congress, On September 19, 1989.
Released In 1969, And Adapted From The Book By The Same Title, The Learning Tree Is An Autobiographical Offering By Parks. It Tells The Coming Of Age Story Of Newt Winger, A Young Black Boy Growing Up In Racist, Pre-Civil Rights Movement Kansas, During The 1920's.
Gordon Parks Died March 7, 2006.
"In Order For Black History To Live, We Must Continue To Breathe Life Into It." -- Hubert Gaddy, Jr.
Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller
The Sculptress, Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller, Was Born June 9, 1877, In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Fuller Was One Of The Principal Visual Artists During The Harlem Renaissance Of The 1920s. She Was The First Black American Artist To Feature Afrocentric Themes In Her Work -- Largely From Black American Folktales. Her Best-Known Works Are Bronze Sculpture Called Ethiopia Awakening
(1914) And Mary Turner (1919).
As A Young Girl, Fuller Received A Scholarship To Study At The Pennsylvania Museum And School For Industrial Arts By The Turn Of The Century, She Was Studying With French Sculptor, Rodin, In Paris. She Was An Established Artist In Both The United States And France, At. The Onset Of The Harlem Renaissance.
Ms Fuller Never Actually Lived In Harlem -- Preferring, Instead To Reside In Boston And Framingham, Massachusetts, Which To Her, More Closely Resembled A European Lifestyle. She Did, However, Embody The Ideals Of The Harlem Renaissance.
Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller Died March 13, 1968.
"In Order For Black History To Live, Me Must Continue To Breathe Life Into It." - Hubert Gaddy, Jr.
THE WORKS OF META VAUX WARRICK FULLER
"I Can't Stop Loving You," Ray Charles' Biggest-Selling Single Of All -Time, From The Groundbreaking Album, Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music, Hit #1 On The Billboard Hot 100 Chart During The Week Of June 2, 1962. It Stayed In That Spot For Four Weeks. The Song Also Topped The United States Pop, Adult Contemporary And R&B Charts.
R&B Pioneer And Legend, Raymond Charles Robinson, Was Born In Albany, Georgia On September 23, 1930.Known Worldwide By His Stage Name, Ray Charles, The Blind Superstar Had A Career That Spanned More Than 50 Years. He Was An Innovative, Music Pioneer Who Helped Shape The Sound Of Modern Rhythm And Blues (Or Soul) Music.
Charles Began Recording R&B And Pop Music During The 1950's. He And Sam Cooke Were Leading Figures In Developing Soul Music -- A Fusion Of Gospel, Blues, With A Touch Of Country Influence.
The Versatile Singer, Songwriter And Pianist Also Successfully Performed Rock 'N' Roll, Gospel, And Jazz And Led The Way For Black Performers.
Among His Other Hits: "What'd I Say," "Hit The Road Jack,"
"Busted," "The Night Time Is The Right Time (To Be With The
One You Love)," "In The Heat Of The Night," "Georgia On My
Mind (This Song Was Made Into The Official State Song For
Georgia) And "Unchain My Heart."
Charles' Rendition Of "America The Beautiful " Has Been Called The Definitive Version Of The Song. Frank Sinatra Once Called Ray Charles "the only true genius in the business" And In 2004, Rolling Stone MagazineRanked Him #10 On Their List Of The 100 Greatest Artists of All Time.
He Was One Of The First Inductees Into The Rock 'N Roll Hall Of Fame At Its Inaugural. He Received The Kennedy Center Honors in 1986.In 1987, He Was Awarded The Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award. In 1991, He Was Inducted Into The Rhythm & Blues Foundation.
Ray Charles Died June 10, 2004, Of Liver Cancer, At His Home In Beverly Hills, California.
"In Order For Black History To Live, We Must Continue To Breathe Life Into it." -- Hubert Gaddy, Jr.
THE AMAZING RAY CHARLES:
The Man Who Defined Soul Music