The St. Louis Court Agreed With Scott. The Missouri Supreme Court Ruled Against Him. So, In An Attempt To Help Scott, His Master's Widow Sold Him To Her Brother, John A. Sanford, Who Lived In New York. This Maneuver Took The Case To The Federal Level, Since It Now Involved Citizens Of Two Different States.
The United States Supreme Court, Led By Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, A Staunch Supporter Of Slavery, Declared That All Blacks --- Slaves As Well As Free --- Were Not And Could Never Become Citizens Of The United States. Therefore, They Did Not Have The Right To Sue In Federal Court For Their Freedom. The Court Also Declared The 1820 Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional, Thus Permitting Slavery In All Of the Country's Territories. Referring To The Language In The Declaration of Independence That Includes The Phrase, "All Men Are Created Equal," Taney Reasoned That
"it is too clear for dispute, that the enslaved African race were not intended to be included, and formed no part of the people who framed and adopted this declaration. . . ."
After Sandford's Death In 1857 --- A Few Months After The Unfavorable Decision --- Scott And His Family Were Freed. Scott Lived Only A Few Months As A Free Man. He Died Of Tuberculosis 16 Months Later.Overall, The Dred Scott Decision Had The Effect Of Widening The Political And Social Gap Between North And South, And Took The Nation Closer To The Brink Of Civil War.
"In Order For Black History To Live, We Must Continue To Breathe Life Into It." -- Hubert Gaddy, Jr.